What is an attack vector?
An attack vector is the way or path that hackers use to bypass computer system and network security measures and exploit user errors to penetrate a system and introduce malware.
Commonly used attack vectors include:
- E-mail attachments
- Pop-up windows
- Cross-site scripting
- Content Spoofing
- SQL Injection
All of these methods rely on special programs or, in some cases, prepared hardware. Excluded are deceptions designed to trick the human user into removing security measures and weakening system security.
Injecting malware via the attack vector
Hackers can introduce and install malware such as viruses, Trojans, worms, and spyware into a computer system via the attack vector. The use of firewalls and up-to-date antivirus software, regular updates of installed operating systems and application programs, and regular security training of users can help ward off hacker attacks. In addition, regular backups of confidential data should be made so that the data can be restored at any time.
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