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# Bit – Binary Digit

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>All digital technology – from calculators to autonomous vehicles to television satellites – is based on the bit – binary digit.

## What is a Bit – Binary Digit?

A Bit – Binary Digit is the smallest unit of information in information technology and the basis for digital technology. Binary digits are used to store information and perform arithmetic operations. A single bit can represent two values, either the value 0 or the value 1.

A unit of 8 bits is called a Byte. One Byte can be used to represent 256 different numbers, letters and characters. Reading and storing only two states is called binary technology. The underlying number system is the binary number system.

## Application of the Bit – Binary Digit

The binary number system is the basis for all calculations in a computer. All numbers and letters entered into a word processor or spreadsheet, for example, must be converted into binary code before they can be processed and stored by a computer.

In digital technology, various units of information are used that contain multiple bits. For example:

• Kilobit (KBit) = 1,000 bits
• Megabit (MBit) = 1 million bits
• Gigabit (GBit)= 1 billion bits

Connection speeds for downloading and uploading data on the Internet are referred to as bit rates. The bit rate is measured and specified in bits per second (bit/s), Mbit/s or Gbit/s.

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