Git is a popular open source tool that is primarily used for distributed version control of software products. The tool is used in large international companies as well as by private software developers worldwide and can be used together with a variety of different platforms and IDEs(Integrated Development Environment).
Development history of Git
The distributed version control system for software products was first presented to the general public in 2005. The tool allows multiple developers to work on a common software project, regardless of their location. Version control provides the ability to add changes to the code base from anywhere to the software project, accurately log the changes made, and access older versions of the project at any point in time. The software is platform independent and can be used on almost all modern operating systems.
Decentralized management of software projects
While other version control systems use centrally stored databases, Git relies on a distributed system. This offers the advantage that each member of the development team is assigned their own copy of the project database (repository). Theoretically, it is even possible to do without a central database altogether.
Developers typically work on their local copy of the project database and have the ability to share their work on the code base with everyone involved. In addition, the distribution of the repository reduces the risk of data being irretrievably lost. Since the current status of the project, including the complete history, is stored as a local copy by all project participants, practically no major damage can occur, for example, due to a server failure, which could possibly jeopardize the success of the software project.
Splitting and merging different development statuses
Git provides its users with the ability to split a software project into different branches (forks). With the help of this functionality, various deployment scenarios can be implemented, such as:
- Different versions can be developed in parallel without much effort.
- New and experimental functions and features can be developed in parallel to the main version without negatively affecting the stability of the main branch.
Changes that are validated and marked for release can then be merged back into the corresponding major version.
The version control tool is designed for development teams to use merges and branches at regular intervals to build up a well traceable version history of the software project. Git provides some high-performance tools that make it relatively easy to visualize the branches and merges, so that each team member has a traceable overview of the development of the software project.
The version control tool can be used practically everywhere. It is performant, modern, independent and extremely secure. However, you need to have a certain amount of technical understanding in order not to lose track at the beginning. In many areas of modern software development it brings relief and time savings.
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