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Java is an object-oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems and first introduced to the general public in 1995. With this widely used programming language, programs can be used on all modern operating systems for which a so-called “Java Virtual Machine” (JVM) is available.


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What exactly is Java?

The programming language was primarily developed for use in distributed environments in the context of the Internet. Sun Microsystems based the development of their new programming language on the high-level language C++, which was designed in the 1980s by the Danish computer scientist Bjarne Stroustrup. Java can be used to program applications that run on a smart device, a single computer, or distributed across a network on multiple computers. The programming language can also be used to build program modules as part of a larger system. These include, for example:

  • smaller Applets in the context of a website
  • independent microservices in large and complex applications

Is there a difference between Java and JavaScript?

These two programming languages should not be confused with each other. Java Script was developed by Netscape in the 1990s for use in browser environments. In addition, JavaScript is an interpreted scripting language that is easier to learn than Sun Microsystems’ language.

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