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Web Stack

The term web stack refers to a collection of software applications and tools used in the development of web-based software solutions. A functional web stack has at least an operating system, a programming or scripting language, a database system and a web server. Basically, such a stack provides everything needed to develop a complete web application. Specifically, this means that no other software is required to program and run a particular application. Such a package is called a stack because the included tools build on each other and complement each other optimally.

General Information about Web Stack

A web stack is used when creating websites

or developing web applications. The individual parts of the stack build on each other, can be used individually and exist in many different versions. The combination of the individual components depends primarily on the purpose for which they are to be used. The operating system plays a central role in the stack. It acts as the central interface between the software and hardware components. The web server (Http server) is responsible for delivering the required HTML documents, while databases ensure the permanent storage of data records. The script interpreter is used on the client side in the context of the user’s web browser and helps to interpret and display dynamic content correctly.

Frameworks

With so-called “frameworks

“, a web stack can be extended by additional functionalities, such as:

  • programming and scripting languages
  • Analysis tools
  • Proxy server

How does the operating system work in the Web stack?

The operating system represents the essential interface between the server hardware and the software components. It uses the hardware resources of the local system to process the tasks of the individual application. The following operating systems can be used in combination with a Web stack:

  • Windows
  • Unix
  • Linux
  • macOS

The web server

The web server is a special software that is installed on the operating system. The server receives the client’s request via the Http network protocol. HTML documents with static content are processed directly by the web server, while dynamic content requires the support of scripting languages and databases. Typical web server solutions are: Apache, Microsoft IIS and nginx.

The database system

As part of a web stack, the database is responsible for storing relevant amounts of data efficiently and permanently. The web server can access the stored data at any time via a query. The server then generates an HTML document from the result of a database query and forwards it to the user’s web browser. Popular databases for web projects are: Oracle, MySQL or MongoDB.

The LAMP stack

LAMP is the most widely used model for developing modern web applications. The name LAMP is an acronym and refers to the four components of the stack:

  • Linux
  • Apache
  • MySQL
  • PHP

This solution is particularly well suited for the development of dynamic websites and web applications.

The MEAN Stack

This is a modern JavaScript solution for developing dynamic websites and web apps. The abbreviation MEAN stands for:

  • MongoDB
  • Express
  • Angular
  • NodeJS

Since both the frontend and the backend are developed in JavaScript, this web stack is primarily characterized by high development speed

. The main advantages of this stack are high performance and excellent scalability.


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